Sports (also known as organized sports) is a broad term that describes various types of generally organized competitive physical activity that, through organized or casual participation, seek to improve, keep or improve specific physical abilities and skills, while providing entertainment for spectators, participants’ parents, and sponsors. Among the most popular and widespread of all sports are football, basketball, baseball, softball, tennis, ice hockey, racquet sports, track-and-field, swimming and diving. Each of these has its own specific rules and regulations, including playing time, the type of attire required, the kinds of equipment used (in some sports such as track-and-field, swimming and diving require special equipment), and the type of competition (in tennis and track-and-field, for example). All of these are important considerations when choosing a sport or events that will be held at your school, college, or university.
Many sports are played across different types of surfaces – sand, dirt, mud, snow, ice, etc. Each of these surfaces is unique in its own right and can provide many advantages over more traditional indoor venues. For example, snow sports such as ski jumping and cross-country skiing are extremely popular during the winter months, as they require participants to use skis that can be slippery in wet weather, while ice sports such as ice hockey and ice dancing require players to wear very little or no clothing in cold temperatures.
Other sports differ greatly in their rules and regulations, the number of players allowed on a team (typically five), the types of uniforms worn (for example, in swimming, players must wear long-sleeved t-shirts), and the type of competition (for instance, soccer is a ball-based game, whereas in track-and-field, the competition includes runners, jumpers, and fielders that are used in running or sprinting competitions). There are even sports that allow players to participate in a game of tag as part of their regular training. These types of sports are not formally recognized by organizations that track or organize events, but they are, nonetheless, important to the physical conditioning of young athletes. In particular, the sport of Tag is a popular sport among high school and college athletes. Tag refers to the sport of catching small plastic toys, such as balls, and tossing them over obstacles that have been strategically placed throughout a playing field (such as fences or tree stumps) in order to gain points. While Tag may not necessarily involve contact, it is still considered a good sport, due to the fact that players need to learn basic hand-eye coordination in order to master it and eventually win points.
Sports also include activities that are not organized competitively, such as gymnastics, water polo, ice climbing, and snowmobiling. Even for those who do not practice sports, many athletes enjoy the excitement and the thrill of participating in activities that involve some form of physical exertion that does not involve any real competition.
basketball and soccer
While most athletic fields accept participation from both men and women, there are some sports that are exclusively for boys, and others that are only open to female participants. In high schools, for example, basketball and soccer remain predominantly male-only sports. In colleges, golf remains predominantly male-only as do wrestling, tennis, baseball, basketball, swimming, and softball. These two sports are considered “intercollegiate” sports, meaning that they are typically played on teams or against other people, not against teams.
Because many schools and colleges compete in competitive athletics, the activities that they conduct and host are important factors in determining what types of sports you should offer to students. In addition to considering these activities, your school should also take into consideration the amount of space that it has available and, depending on the type of competition you plan to hold, the costs involved with maintaining the facilities.